The gender pay gap for full-time workers is entirely in favour of men for all occupations, according to new analysis by the Office for National Statistics.
It says that between 2011 and 2017, men’s pay has grown by 10.4% from £13.12 to £14.48 per hour while women’s pay has grown by 12.0% from £11.75 to £13.16 per hour. This means that in 2017, men on average, were paid £1.32 more per hour than women, which, as a proportion of men’s pay, is a pay gap of 9.1%.
But the pay gap varies, across different sectors and it also depends on factors, such as: age, seniority of role and whether a person works full time or part time work.
With age, for example, the gap is not as wide when people are younger, and the split between those who work full time or part time is not as wide. However, by the time men are between 30 and 39, 91% of men’s jobs are full time. Women on the other hand, are less likely to work full-time, at this age with only 61.1% of women’s jobs being full-time for ages 30 to 39 (and 57.6% for those aged 40 to 49).
The ONS says that the increased gap in pay for older women may capture the differential impact of taking time out of the labour market to raise children. Pointing to labour market figures, it says that between April and June 2017, the employment rate for women with dependent children was 73.7% with 51.8% of the jobs being part-time whilst the employment rate for men with dependent children is 92.4% with 90.1% of these jobs being full-time.
Higher paid jobs
The gap is also wide in higher-paid occupations. Men have 72.8% of the full-time employment share in the highest paid occupation group (chief executives and senior officials). The ONS research says that in 2017, men and women working full-time in the highest-paid occupation group (chief executives and senior officials) earned a median hourly pay of £48.53 and £36.54 respectively. Similarly, men had 70.2% of the full-time employment in the second-highest-paid occupation group (managers and directors) and had a median hourly pay of £23.69, which was £2.62 higher than the median hourly pay for women.