From scientists to health professionals to chefs, women earn less per hour, on average, than men in several major occupation groups.
That’s according to official figures from the Office of National Statistics (ONS). When it comes to part time work the gender pay gap between men and women is 18% in favour of men, says the new report.
This is partly due to the number of women working part time. The ONS says there are more than three times as many women working part-time than men, and part-time jobs tend to be lower paid.
Full time workers
However, a pay gap of 9% remains for full-time workers, with women earning less than men in every occupation group (even those where women outnumber men).
Women are much more likely than men to work in low-paid sectors like care and leisure, says the ONS, as well as in administrative and secretarial jobs.
Four out of five full-time care and leisure roles are performed by women, but these women still earn 9% less per hour, on average, than their male counterparts.
Women hold nearly half (45%) of full-time “professional occupations” – including scientists, engineers and health professionals – yet their hourly earnings are 11% lower, on average, than men.
Meanwhile, men are more likely than women to work in highly paid occupations, like managers, directors and senior officials, where women earn 16% less per hour on average. Men also hugely outnumber women in skilled trades: jobs like farmers, mechanics, electricians and chefs. In this occupation group, there is a larger pay gap (25%) in favour of men.
In jobs where men outnumber women, including solicitors, assemblers and medical practitioners, there is generally a large pay gap in favour of men.
A pay gap in favour of men remains for full-time primary and nursery schoolteachers, despite the fact that five out of six are women. On the other hand, five out of six full-time receptionists are women, and women in these jobs earn slightly more than men.